What is a Crypto Mining Rig: A Simple Guide for Beginners

Update 25 Jul 2023 • Reading Time 7 Minute
Image What is a Crypto Mining Rig: A Simple Guide for Beginners
Reading Time: 7 minutes

Setting up an optimal mining rig is the most crucial factor in ensuring successful crypto asset mining. Therefore, it’s essential to have a good grasp of mining rig specifics before starting. In this article, Pintu Academy has presented various information about mining rigs that can help you!

Article Summary

  • ⚒️ A mining rig is an equipment in the form of a Graphic Processor Unit (GPU) or Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) used for crypto mining.
  • ⚡ The higher the mining rig’s hash rate or hashing power, the greater its efficiency in solving hashing algorithms. However, this will also be directly proportional to the price of the mining rig.
  • 🔍 When building or buying a mining rig, the most important aspect is choosing hardware and software according to your mining needs. Don’t forget to configure and test the mining rig.
  • 🪙 Some of the crypto assets that are popular choices for miners are Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Dogecoin

What is a Crypto Mining Rig?

Before we dive into mining rigs, we should first understand the crypto mining concept. Crypto mining is the process of verifying transactions and adding new blocks to a blockchain. At the same time, it is also the process of creating new tokens, such as BTC and LTC. Thus, a mining rig can be defined as the equipment used to perform crypto mining.

An example of a GPU mining rig
An example of a GPU mining rig. Source: Lumerin Protocol

Mining rigs can be a simple personal computer or a CPU, a Graphic Processor Units (GPU) set, or an Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC). The distinguishing factor of a mining rig lies in its hash rate or hashing power. Theoretically, the more power a mining rig has, the more likely it is to crack the hashing algorithm. Thus, the greater the chance of getting rewards from mining.


With increasing complexity and competition, using a CPU as a mining rig is no longer possible. Generally, GPUs are the choice of miners because they can produce hash rates of up to 100-120 mh/s for premium GPU products. Miners can also use more than one GPU to increase the hash rate. The advantage of GPU is flexibility because it can mine various crypto assets.

ASIC mining rig used to mine Bitcoin
ASIC mining rig used to mine Bitcoin. Source: HWP

Meanwhile, ASICs are sophisticated devices explicitly made for crypto mining needs. It has a 100-200 times better hash rate than the GPU. However, ASICs are very expensive, have large electricity consumption, and are set up for one specific crypto asset. Therefore, ASICs are primarily used for BTC mining, which has a very high level of complexity and competition.

You can learn more about hash rate in the following article.

How to Build a Crypto Mining Rig

The steps in making a mining rig are actually not much different from assembling a computer. You need to prepare hardware, software, and some other supporting materials.

  1. Choosing Hardware. The most important main hardware components are GPU, processor, hard disk, ram, power supply, and motherboard. Then assemble all the hardware into a mining rig. If you use more than one GPU, you will need PCIe risers to add multiple GPUs to the motherboard.
  2. Choosing Software. Sophisticated devices are only meaningful if the software used is right. Miners must choose crypto mining software compatible with each crypto asset being mined. Some software examples are CGMiner, Easy Miner, BFG Miner, and Awesome Miner.
  3. Configure and Test. Once the hardware and software have been installed, be sure to configure the mining rig. Set the operating system and BIOS used, especially if using more than one GPU. Don’t forget to connect the wallet. Run a test run to make sure everything is running smoothly.

After that, you can start crypto mining. However, don’t expect to make a profit right away. Factors such as the type of crypto asset, difficulty level, and mining rig capabilities will determine the success rate of mining.

Crypto Mining Rig Price

The cost of making a crypto mining rig depends on the price and type of hardware used. The better the quality of the hardware you use, the higher the hash rate will be. However, the price will automatically become expensive. Considering that the GPU is the main component in mining rigs, the cost of the GPU will be the determinant.

The GPU is the most important component in building a mining rig
The GPU is the most important component in building a mining rig. Source: Asus

For example, the price of one of the GPUs often used for mining, the Nvidia Geforce RTX-3,060, is around US$ 400. This means that if you want to make a mining rig with 6 GPUs, then at least the cost of making a mining rig is US$ 2,400. This figure does not take into account the price of other supporting hardware. The price may reach US$ 3,000 – US$ 3,500.

Meanwhile, buying an ASIC can be an option if you don’t want to bother building your mining rig. It’s just that you have to be ready to spend more. However, ASICs at least provide a greater chance of guessing the hash rate. As an illustration, the ASIC price with the highest level of profitability according to ASIC Miner Value is the Antminer L7 which is priced at US$ 5,000.

Antminer L7 menjadi ASIC dengan tingkat profitablitas tertinggi
Antminer L7 menjadi ASIC dengan tingkat profitablitas tertinggi untuk saat ini. Sumber: ASIC Miner Value

You can get a lower price if you buy a used mining rig. However, you must be very selective and careful because of the risk of mining rig performance that is no longer optimal due to previous use.

Keep in mind this is just the initial capital needed to build a mining rig. Also, consider monthly operational costs such as electricity, which may be costly considering that the mining rig will operate 24 hours non-stop.

Apart from mining, you can also earn extra money through staking and yield farming. Find out the difference between the two here.

List of Minable Crypto Assets

Once you have a mining rig, you can immediately start trying to mine. In general, you can mine crypto that uses the Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus mechanism. The following are the three PoW crypto assets with the largest capitalization that can be mined:

Crypto AssetHash RateDifficulty LevelBlock RewardValuation
Bitcoin70.00 Th/s51234338863442.06.25 BTCUS$ 167.306
Litecoin2.05 Gh/s25198699.312.5 LTCUS$ 1.097
Dogecoin2.05 Gh/s10703652.110.000 DOGEUS$ 678
Source: Whattomine per 8 June 2023.

1. Bitcoin Mining

Bitcoin is one of the crypto assets that miners target because of its lucrative rewards. Miners who successfully guess the hash target and complete a block of Bitcoin will immediately get a reward of 6.25 BTC. With the price of BTC when this article was written at US$ 26,769, the reward obtained is US$ 167,306 (6.25 x 26,769) or around Rp 2.49 billion. However, mining Bitcoin has the highest level of difficulty among other crypto assets.

Check out a complete explanation of Bitcoin mining and its potential benefits in the following article.

2. Litecoin Mining

Litecoin has become another crypto asset of choice for miners. Currently, Litecoin distributes a reward of 12.5 LTC. When this article was written, the price of LTC was US$ 87.76, so the reward earned by miners was US$ 1,097, or around Rp 16.45 million. These rewards are much smaller than BTC rewards, but the difficulty level and hash rate required to mine LTC are also much lower than BTC. This means that you don’t need to use a mining rig as sophisticated as mining Bitcoin so the capital required can also be lower.

In principle, the way LTC mining works is similar to BTC. However, it requires a mining rig designed to run the Scrypt algorithm. Like mining BTC, joining a mining pool is the best way to mine LTC successfully. The rewards you get from mining pools will be adjusted according to the hash power contribution you make to the mining pool.

Pintu Academy has prepared an article that reviews Litecoin more fully here.

3. Dogecoin Mining

Mining Dogecoin is also the choice of miners because this token has large capitalization. Moreover, in terms of difficulty, mining DOGE is much easier than BTC or LTC. The DOGE mining process is easier and much faster, which is one block per minute. Compare this to BTC, which is one block per 10 minutes, or LTC, which is one block per 2.5 minutes.

The reward for mining DOGE was 10,000 DOGE or about US$678 when this article was written. Unlike BTC and LTC, Dogecoin does not experience halving, meaning the reward earned will remain at 10,000 DOGE. To mine DOGE, the mining rig used must run the Scrypt algorithm. Thus, you can mine LTC or DOGE with just one mining rig with the Scrypt algorithm.

Find out more about the king of memecoin DOGE in the following article.


Given the many influencing factors, measuring the exact profit from a mining rig is difficult. Even a state-of-the-art mining rig cannot guarantee how much profit can be made daily. However, sites such as f2pool, asicminervalue, Nicehash, whattomine, and others can show how much profit a crypto mining rig can generate.

Therefore, the most important thing when building or buying a mining rig is to calculate how long it will take to make a return on investment. Generally, mining rig product sellers provide statistics that can help miners do the calculation. In the end, as with any investment decision, always Do Your Own Research!

Buy Crypto Asset in Pintu

Apart from mining, you can own crypto assets such as BTC, DOGE, LTC, and other crypto assets by buying them directly through crypto exchanges such as Pintu. No worries, you can safely and conveniently purchase those cryptocurrencies safely and easily. Pintu diligently evaluates all its crypto assets, highlighting the significance of being cautious.

Pintu is also compatible with popular wallets such as Metamask to facilitate your transactions. Download Pintu app on Play Store and App Store! Your security is guaranteed because Pintu is regulated and supervised by Bappebti and Kominfo.

Aside from buying and trading crypto assets, you can expand your knowledge about cryptocurrencies through various Pintu Academy articles. Updated weekly, all Pintu Academy articles are made for knowledge and educational purposes, not as financial advice.


Nathan Reiff, How to Start Mining Cryptocurrency, Investopedia, accessed on 7 June 2023.

River Financial, Buying or Building a Mining Rig? What You Need to Know, accessed on 7 June 2023.

Cryptopedia Team, Crypto Mining Rigs Explained: From CPUs to GPUs to ASICs, Gemini, accessed on 7 June 2023.

David Floyd, How Do You Mine Litecoin (LTC)? Investopedia, accessed on 7 June 2023.

Dogecoin Docs, How to Mine Dogecoin, accessed on 7 June 2023.

Author:Hikma Dirgantara

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